Music, Literature and Art

Types of Artwork:

Byzantine Art:

There are many different types of art. That is why it is very difficult for artists to create memorable masterpieces. One Type of art is Byzantine Art. Byzantine art is colourful and realistic. This type of art was painted with many fine details, and features were exaggerated and bold. Byzantine artists had many techniques to paint this special type of art.
Just one Byzantine painting could take days to paint because of all the details. Greek artists and monks worked days at a time thinking only to create their masterpieces. This type of artwork tends to be mostly just paintings of people. The artists sometimes paint other thing but mostly it is just people. Byzantine Art started in Italy. Variations of Byzantine art were made in Rome. There are very few notable Byzantine paintings that were made in Italy.
Byzantine Art

Romanesque Art:

This type of art is a fairly recent invention in art history. This type of art has a somewhat vague concept. It is mostly paintings or drawings of buildings or houses. The buildings that were drawn or painted were mostly stone. The buildings were simple but effective. This type of art was mostly made in Rome. It was not very popular.

Hiberno- Saxon Art:

Hiberno- Saxon art was made in Ireland. It was a very mysterious type of art. It was sophisticated and decorative. This type of art was a very developed style with swirling and spirals. This is not a very well known style of art.
Hiberno-Saxon Art
Hiberno-Saxon Art

Gothic Art:

Gothic art has few contributions to the development of art. It has sequences and dramatic brush strokes and bold lines. It is not a realistic type of art. It was never really popular, only a small number of people knew about it.

Types of Music

A few days ago I was in a church listening to some delightful music when I was informed that most medieval music is played in churches. As I recall, the musicians were called troubadours. The songs were referred to as plainchant, and the monks and priests recited these texts by chanting. There were kings and noblemen there to scout the latest talent, so that they could dine to fine music. As I left the church, I planned to dine in the town square. There I saw a few poets playing their harps and lutes reciting their beautiful poetry. I carried on to the town square, to my delight, a crowd of ordinary people were singing. I simply asked them what they were doing and they replied singing folk songs. I waited there thinking to myself is this not something we should all learn, should we not all learn to sing and to play music on an instrument such as the gemshorn, organetto or even lute. I asked a gentleman what he thought and he said he would like his children to learn the art of singing and music.


Nowadays there are many musical instruments; each makes their own creative sound. Lately there have been some more impressive instrumental breakthroughs so I decided to go to a vendor to see the latest instruments. I was told that recently the sound quality of the lute, a small instrument with many strings, that resembles a guitar, has improved. Though the lute may have a high pitched sound, its sound is not unlike that of a ukulele. As I glanced around the store I remarked an instrument called the gemshorn. The gemshorn is a flute like instrument made of a horn, normally that of an ox or chamois. It sounded similar to an ocarina though with a deeper tone. It was made of a horn with holes and the insides carved out. The vendor finally turned my attention to an organetto, a small, portable organ with an accordion back. Despite its looks it does not sound like a piano, it in fact has more of a flute like sound.
Troubadour & Lute
Troubadour & Lute

Types of Literature

I had a discussion with my professor the other day and it was brought to my attention that there are only two real forms of literature nowadays. Poetry and Stories, poetry could be in a simple form or could be an epic. Epics are long poems that are often sung aloud. Often about the battles and lives of warriors. Stories, on the other hand, are often told while people sit around a fire. Minstrels or jongleurs are paid to entertain according to the storyline of the story. So, in other words, they act it out. Troubadours play music to go with the story.

The Canterbury Tales

The Canterbury Tales is a bizarre story written by Geoffrey Chaucer. The story is somewhat written in the form of poetry in the 14th century. The story’s characters vary from the cocky knight to the piteous nun. They represent all different segments of society. The storyline is about a group of individuals who are traveling together. Then they all decide to make a wager. They must all tell two stories, the person with the best story eats a free dinner paid by the rest of the group. The story consists of twenty-four characters, in addition to the above mentioned, there is a girly young squire who is in fact the knight’s son, a piteous nun, a chubby monk and a parish priest.

Illustration of The Canterbury Tales
Illustration of The Canterbury Tales


The Spring Pilgrimage:
When that April with his showers sweet The drought of March hath pierced to the root, And bathed every vein in such liquor Of virtue angered is this flower; When Zephyrus also with his sweet breath Inspired hath in every holt and heath The tender crops, and the young sun Hath in the Ram his half- course run, And small fowls make sweet melody, That sleep all night with open eyes So nature stirs them in their corages; Then people long to go pilgrimages, And palmers for to seek out foreign strands, And far- off shrines, well- known in various lands; And specially, from every shire’s end Of England . to Canterbury they wend, The holy blissful martyr for to seek, Who them has helped at times when they were sick.

From Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales
The silver is white, red is the gold;
The robes they lay in a fold.
The bailey beareth the bell away;
The lily, the rose, the rose I lay.

To A Ladye:
Sweet Rose of virtue of gentleness, Delightsome Lily of every lustiness, Richest in bounty, and in beauty clear, And every virtue that is held most dear, Except only, that you are merciless.
Into your garden, this day, I did persue, There saw I flowers that fresh were of hue; Both white and red most lusty to be seen; And wholesome herbs upon stals of green; Yet leaf nor flowerfind could I none of Rue.
I doubt that March with his cold blasts so keen Has slain this gentle herb of which I do complain, Whose piteous death does to my heart such pain That I would make to plant his root again, So comforting his leaves to me have been.

William Dunbar
Gothic art has few contributions to the development of art. It has sequences and dramatic brush strokes and bold lines. It is not a realistic type of art. It was never really popular, only a small number of people knew about it.


Medieval Lute:

Medieval Organetto:

Mediaval Gemshorn: