Ty and Adom's Wiki

The Castle

This is an example of a medieval castle
This is an example of a medieval castle



Castles where in many places scattered around the globe, here are some of the main places they were located...
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Czech Republic
England
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iran
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Liechtenstein
Morocco
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russia
Scotland
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Ukraine
United States
Below are some castles from Scotland watch the video and look at the different shapes and sizes!











Definition of a castle (copied from Wikipedia)

A castle (from Latin castellum) is a type of fortified structure built in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages. Partly assigned for protection and impressisity of a Lord or King. Scholars usually debate the scope of the word castle, but usually consider it to be the private fortified residence of a Lord or King. This is distinct from a fortress, which was not a home, and from a fortified town, which was a public defence, though there are many similarities between these types of construction. The term has been popularly applied to structures as diverse as hill forts and country houses.




Purpose:


Part of the purpose of a castle was to be impressive,and to have control over a large area. It also served as a warning to others who might want to take over that part of the land. If anyone attacked they had large fortified walls and traps to stop enemies. Also moats where a way to stop enemies from easily entering a castles property. The bigger the castle was the more respect the Lord/King's Family would have.
It was also used as an administrative center for religion, where people could have fun, live, eat and play. There were church's and circus's depending on the size and wealthiness of the castle.



Defense:


Defense is a big part of a castle. Having a good defense meant living in a more peaceful environment. In castles alone there many different types of defense, such as moats, gatehouses, arrow loops and catapults. All of these were dangerous defenses in case the castles were under attack.Each castle in construction attempted to be built to withstand any weapon and have a defense for every siege strategy there was for an example if the attackers tried to cut them off and starve the castle the castle would have another tower just far enough away, to see the castle the man in the tower could ask for help from other armies.

Life in a castle:

Castle life was usually reserved only for the noblemen, and most of the other people in the castle worked there. A lot of different people had to work in a castle such as cleaners, cooks, stewards, guards, clergymen (similar to a bishop or priest), a constable who ran the castle, jesters and jugglers to entertain, a marshal who made sure rooms were readied for visitors, blacksmiths and alchemists, the list goes on and on. The point is, a castle was definitely not only occupied by kings and queens. The castle was also a place for great feasts and ceremonies usually held by the nobles and everyone else basically was on cleanup.


Siege:

Because castles were made with such massive defense fortifications, it was extremely hard to destroy them. The goal of a siege army was not to destroy a castle, but to penetrate it. However, this task was also extremely hard. Sieges often lasted for months and could even last for years! Castles were protected by at least two walls, and often a moat. The defender's only hope was that either a friendly army would come to help them, or that they could somehow defeat the attackers by themselves.
In some siege's they would completely surround a castle and cut it off from the outside world. No supplies were allowed in or messages sent out. The situation often got very hectic inside the castle. Even though large amounts of supplies were stored inside, they sometimes ran out. Then the defenders were forced to eat anything they could get their hands on. This included rats and other gross things. Essentially, the offending army would attempt to starve and discourage the defenders to the point of surrender. The most common siege strategies when attempting penetrate the castle were to either break down the main gate with a battering ram or dig under the wall, by digging they would build a small tunnel under the wall held up by wooden supports then they would burn the supports and the wall would crumble.